Adderall, also sold as Adderall XR and Mydayis, is a powerful central nervous system stimulant drug. The Europe-based company Richwood Pharmaceuticals, which later merged with Shire plc., introduce it back in 1996 as a quick release tablet for various disorders.

Manufacturers synthesize it by combining the salts of the two enantiomers of amphetamine. Additionally, the drug is primarily used to help synchronize the electrical impulses inside the brain. Ingesting it would then cause an increase in the activity of two primary neurotransmitters.

The two primary neurotransmitters previously mentioned are norepinephrine and dopamine. Studied have shown a strong relationship between the presence of dopamine and norepinephrine with the mental disorder known as ADHD.

ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a disease that causes an individual to have some difficulty in maintaining focus. Additionally, Adderall has become one of the most famous treatments for ADHD. However, it can cause many side effects, both psychologically, and physically, if taken improperly.

Common Side Effects of Adderall

The side effects of Adderall can vary from person to person. Additionally, it can be affected by various factors such as age, weight, environment, and more. However, some side effects may be common to many people as they are part of Adderall’s pharmacological action. (1)

Below are some of the common side effects of taking Adderall:

  • Raynaud’s Syndrome
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Nausea
  • Weight Loss
  • Blurry Vision
  • Difficulty in Urinating
  • Insomnia

Serious Side Effects of Adderall

Abusing or misusing Adderall increases the intensity of its side effects. Furthermore, doing so may also cause side effects that are otherwise rare. Nevertheless, other than abuse and misuse, there may also be some factors that may cause serious side effects from taking Adderall such as allergies.

Below are some more dangerous side effects of taking Adderall: (2)

  • Hypertension
  • Hypotension
  • Tachycardia
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Addiction

Immediately consult your doctor if you experience any of these side effects. Doing otherwise may lead to very dangerous complications such as heart attack or brain hemorrhage.

Adderall And Addiction

Studies have shown that recreational or long-term misuse of Adderall poses a high risk of dependency among its users. This is due to the presence of a highly addictive drug in its components namely Amphetamine. Additionally, drug tolerance on Adderall rapidly develops when it is abuse. Therefore, many increase their dosage through time which leads to physical dependence. (3)

Additionally, The United States’ Food And Drug Administration has listed Adderall as a Schedule II drug. This is a relatively high category as it comes next to Schedule I drugs which groups the most abused and addictive types of drugs. Notably, Adderall is under the same groups as drugs such as morphine, opium, and codeine

Lastly, being placed under the Schedule II category, Adderall is currently a controlled substance under the jurisdiction of the Drug Enforcement Agency. All things considered, Remember only to take the prescribed amount of Adderall as it can easily lead to addiction.

References

Adderall XR Prescribing Information” (PDF). United States Food and Drug Administration. Shire US Inc. December 2013. pp. 4–8. Retrieved 30 December 2013.

Greydanus D. “Stimulant Misuse: Strategies to Manage a Growing Problem” (PDF). American College Health Association (Review Article). ACHA Professional Development Program. p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.

Vitiello B (April 2008). “Understanding the risk of using medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with respect to physical growth and cardiovascular function”. Child Adolesc. Psychiatr. Clin. N. Am17 (2): 459–474